It is believed that this bug originally evolved with bats living in caves in the Middle East, it has been a human pest for thousands of years. Bed Bugs are not associated with the spread of any diseases, its bite can have a serious effect on people who are sensitive to its saliva, and swelling and severe itching or other immune system reactions may be common. The bite itself is generally painless. Bed Bugs are nocturnal, feeding only at night when people are asleep. During the daylight hours it hides in any available crack or hole in the immediate area. The presence of bed bugs may be very difficult to detect. Females lay their eggs by gluing them to hidden surfaces, laying several eggs each day with a total of about 200 eggs. and the growth to the adult stage takes about a month and a half, The adults can live over a year, and in the absence of human hosts they have been known to feed on birds and rodents. Bed bugs have an extremely flattened body from top to bottom, except when they are engorged with blood. It is difficult to diagnose a bite mark. Sometimes they leave small spots of blood on sheets or mattresses, following a meal. Feeding by adults may last for around 15 minutes.  Control relies on a complete inspection to determine hiding places of the bugs, thorough preparation is necessary. Disposal of mattresses and bed coverings may be mandatory in some cases. Multiple treatments to all possible cracks, crevices, holes, or other hiding places in the room are required. Vacuuming with a high-powered vacuum will help to remove many of the pests that are hiding.